Greeks and barbarians, mean all nations; wise and unwise, mean all classes. Wise and foolish.â(Comp. Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:3; 1 Timothy 6:9. It became a term of reproach, because the Greeks, with their pride of race and culture, and the Romans, with their pride of power, looked down upon other nations. Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. "I am" -three great "I am"s" follow: I am a debtor, I am ready and I am not ashamed. 14.Debtor—Christ had, by granting him grace and apostleship, brought him under an infinite indebtedness, which he was obliged to pay off to the world needing a like salvation. The cultured Greeks and the proud Romans looked with contempt on all other races. “I am not ashamed of the Gospel; for it is a power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth. He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. The Greeks called all barbarians, who did not speak the Greek language, even the Latins themselves. a. OVERVIEW. He was debtor to the wise, that is to say, the philosophers, as they were called among the Greeks; and to the unwise, or those who made no profession of philosophy. Græcia victa ferum victorem cepit, et artes, --- St. Paul says, that he is a debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, to the wise, the philosophers, those who pass for sages amongst the pagans, and to the simple, ignorant, unlettered class of mankind: not that he had received any thing at their hands, but because it was his duty, in quality of apostle, to address himself to the whole world, and preach to the great and to the small, to the learned and the unlearned. To us this notion appears as improbable in itself as it is void of all evidence as matter of fact. What I have that another has not is to be used by me, not for my … Romans 4:1-3 Commentary. But after the Roman became masters of the world, they were excepted, through policy, from the number of barbarians, and particularly after they began to cultivate the science of the Greeks. When he speaks of the Greeks he is not simply speaking of people who came from Greece. Read Introduction to Romans . This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. Ð° ÐµÐµ Ð¿ÑÐµÐ´ÐµÐ»Ð°Ð¼Ð¸ (ÑÑ. Until he had fruit among the Romans, as among the rest of the Gentiles (Romans 1:13), this debt was not paid. EXEGESIS OF ROMANS 8.1-14 _____ A Paper Presented to Dr. Gerry Breshears Western Seminary _____ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Course THS 680, Individualized Research _____ By Brian LePort January 27, 2010. Greeks and Barbarians-wise and unwise; polished and rude, learned and ignorant. In their own way they were as separatist as the Pharisees, although for different reasons. Comp. Dr. Gil Wagoner came into my office one day and said, "Wil, I have this lovely couple who have been my patients for quite some time. ÏÎ¯ ÏÎµ ÎºÎ±á½¶ Î²Î±ÏÎ²Î¬ÏÎ¿Î¹Ï, alike to the Greeks and to the barbarians. Romans 3:27-28 Commentary. unwise. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14. The Romans are evidently … b. But if such a continued miracle had been performed wherever our apostle preached beyond the region of Greek culture, and during all the contact which he kept up in those places, how is it that neither he nor his biographer has anywhere dropped a hint of it? Paul is a debtor to both, and must give them the gospel. Romans 8:1-14 New International Version May 12, 2019 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, May 12, 2019, is from Romans 8:1-14.Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 6:1-14 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. If it depended only on him, he would be exercising his ministry at Rome. The Greeks called other people but themselves barbarians, but in the apostolic age the Romans were excepted. I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians, both to the wise and to the universe. Corresponds generally to "learned". "Debtor"-"under obligation" (NASV). Introduction The following paper will be an exegetical commentary of Romans 1.1-14. Romans 6:1-14 Free at Last! I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. He owed it, or was under obligation to preach the gospel both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians. In modern phraseology, the words may be rendered, âBoth to the civilized and to the uncivilized, both to the learned and to the unlearned, am I a debtor.â The two last terms are not exactly parallel to the two first, as many unlearned were among the Greeks, or the civilized, as well as among the Barbarians. 16For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. Romans 1:14 - 17 (NKJV) 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise. Paul’s desire to win fruit at Rome, as among the rest of the Gentiles, arises out of the obligation (for so he feels it) to preach the Gospel to all men without distinction of language or culture. And this, again, only answers to what stands in the O.T.—It is written, the righteous shall live by faith.”, I am a debtor. So Paul is here speaking of both the sophisticated and educated of ‘Greek’ culture, and the unsophisticated Barbarians. I saw a lovely field with not a single blemish on the virgin snow. They are, however, to remember, that they are not so indebted to the foolish, as that they are to cherish their folly by immoderate indulgence. The Jews are left out, because he is speaking of his debt to the Gentiles. Could you help me out?" Subject to the governing authorities: The connection between Romans 12 and Romans 13is clear. I am debtor. Through the conquests of Alexander the Great, Greek influence and Greek culture had permeated the known world, and especially the great cities. Some were wise and some unwise, some Greeks and some barbarians. So I want you to run around that cir… 3 The one who eats everything must not treat with contempt the one who does … None are exempt. Elsewhere, Luke 24:25. If the Christian is not to seek personal vengeance, it does not take away the government’s authority to punish wrongdoers. Romans 1:14. ", Paul HAD TO PREACH. ÐÐ»Ð»Ð¸Ð½Ð°Ð¼ Ð¸ ÐÐ°ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÐ°Ð¼, Ð¼ÑÐ´ÑÐµÑÐ°Ð¼. He does not, however, hesitate to recognize the debt or obligation, because, when God called him to their service, he was in effect their servant, as he says in another place, Ourselves your servants for Jesus sake. The foundation of this duty was not in those whom he desired to serve, but in God, and the force of this obligation was so much the stronger as it was Divine; it was a law imposed by sovereign authority, and consequently an inviolable law. It all has to come from these letters of Paul. Greeks. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Paul has given several reasons for why he wants so badly to come to Rome. in reference to this subject, Acts 26:17 f.; Galatians 2:7; 1 Corinthians 9:16.’ (Meyer). Romans 1:14 f. These verses are naturally taken as an expansion of the thought contained in the preceding. Hence the Greeks enjoyed a universally recognized pre-eminence above the nations of the earth, all others, even the Jews, contrastively denominated “barbarians.” Paul was God’s cosmopolitan missionary, like Bishop Taylor at the present day. This leads naturally to the question which opens Romans 6. In his sermon, “Why Christ Had To Die,” author and pastor Stuart Briscoe says: Many years ago when the children were small, we went for a little drive in the lovely English countryside, and there was some fresh snow. (Calmet). With regard to Paul, it included, on the one hand, all the duties of the apostolic office, and, on the other, the dangers and persecutions to which that office exposed him, without even excepting martyrdom, when he should be called to that last trial. Then I came back to the kids, and I said, “Now, children, I want you to follow in my footsteps. 1 Corinthians 1:20; 1 Corinthians 1:26-28.) As the Greeks under which term all civilized nations were included were the source of the arts and sciences, of knowledge and civilization, it might be said that the Apostle should attach himself solely to them, and that he owed nothing to the Barbarians. Romans 1:14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. 15So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also. Hilda Bright and Keith Simons. Paul’s opening to this letter to the church in Rome follows standard letter-writing conventions of the day with certain modifications. Hellen. Commentary on Romans 14:14-18 (Read Romans 14:14-18) Christ deals gently with those who have true grace, though they are weak in it. 2:1-9). Two things are to be here considered â that the gospel is by a heavenly mandate destined and offered to the wise, in order that the Lord may subject to himself all the wisdom of this world, and make all variety of talents, and every kind of science, and the loftiness of all arts, to give way to the simplicity of his doctrine; and what is more, they are to be reduced to the same rank with the unlearned, and to be made so meek, as to be able to bear those to be their fellow-disciples under their master, Christ, whom they would not have deigned before to take as their scholars; and then that the unlearned are by no means to be driven away from this school, nor are they to flee away from it through groundless fear; for if Paul was indebted to them, being a faithful debtor, he had doubtless discharged what he owed; and thus they will find here what they will be capable of enjoying. non solum Graecia et Italia sed etiam omnis Barbaria). Romans 4:19-21 Commentary. I am debtor; he was under obligation in consequence of what Christ had done for him. He then takes an argument from his own office, and intimates that it ought not to be ascribed to his arrogance, that he thought himself in a manner capable of teaching the Romans, however much they excelled in learning and wisdom and in the knowledge of things, inasmuch as it had pleased the Lord to make him a debtor even to the wise. The whole human race from the Greek point of view. Hence it will be, that they will be able, with more evenness of mind, to bear with many absurdities and almost innumerable things that may disgust them, by which they might otherwise be overcome. 11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established; 12 That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me. And it is a debt owed by all who receive salvation to those who have not yet received it. He merely means âto all mankind, no matter what their nationality or culture.â The classification is exhaustive. I am debtor both to the (cultivated) Greeks - among whom might be classed the educated Romans, who prided themselves on their Greek culture (see Cic. He knew that both stood equally in need of the Gospel, and that for them all it was equally adapted. Having been saved we come under an obligation to bring others to Christ. Romans 4:16-18 Commentary. Did Christ deny himself for our brethren, so as to die for them, and shall not we deny ourselves for them, so as to keep from any indulgence? It is gratuitous, and probably mistaken, to argue with Weiss that he meant to describe them as , when we know that the early Roman Church was Greek speaking. But at Rome, of all places, where the whole effective force of humanity seemed to be gathered up, one might be ashamed to stand forth as the representative of an apparently impotent and ineffective thing. Romans 1:14. 2 One person’s faith allows them to eat anything, but another, whose faith is weak, eats only vegetables. There was also a class of people within the empire who saw themselves as ‘wise. In Romans 5, Paul said that where sin increased, grace abounded all the more (5:20). A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. Commentary on Romans by John Calvin. He has professed his readiness to preach the Gospel, even at Rome. Romans 3:24 Commentary. All this is similar to what every Christian owes in the service of God, as far as his abilities, of whatever kind they are, and his opportunities, extend. Consequently, I feel that it’s in the Pauline letters that we have to garner basically the fundamental truths for Salvation, for the Christian walk, for the operation of the local Church. BIBLICAL COMMENTARY (Bible Study) Romans 1:1-14 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 1:1-14. All teachers have also a rule here which they are to follow, and that is, modestly and kindly to accommodate themselves to the capacities of the ignorant and unlearned. When Christ imparts to any one the blessings of his grace, it lays him under peculiar obligations to do good as he has opportunity; especially to promote the spiritual good of all his fellow-men. 4:4-42; ÐÐ°Ðº. The chapter begins with a most comfortable account of the safety of believers in Christ; the apostle does not say there is nothing condemnable in them, for sin is in them and is condemnable, and condemned by them; and is hurtful to their spiritual joy and comfort, though it cannot bring them into condemnation, because of their being in Christ Jesus: he says there is , "not one condemnation" to them, or one … Romans 4:22-25 Commentary. It was something men treasured and were proud of, to such an extent that they looked down on people who could only say, ‘bar-bar-bar’ (Barbarians), which was what the non-Greek languages sounded like to them. It must be remembered that the Greeks called all who did not speak their own language âBarbarians,â and the Apostle, writing from. I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some fruit … The logic Paul seeks to refute is that grace has the opportunity to show itself for what it is — a gift given in the face of rejection — when … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 6:1-14" Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Sermon Bible Commentary. Romans 4:10-12 Commentary. The Romans are evidently conceived as Gentiles, but Paul does not indicate where they would stand in the broad classification of Romans 1:14. That is, I am bound to preach the word of God to all. “Consider yourself” is logidzomai in Greek. St. Paul himself was a conspicuous instance to the contrary. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Romans 8:1-14. Take up and read!”b. The article is omitted in the original, and is not necessary in English; the word ‘unwise’ is not strictly accurate, since it suggests a verbal correspondence which does not exist. Greece, adopts their point of view. Paul’s letter to the *Romans. The contrast implied is that between willing (which Paul for his part is equal to) and carrying out the will (which depends on God (Romans 1:10)). This is the case with the learned and the unlearned, who are both altogether ignorant of the way of salvation, till it be revealed to them by the Gospel, to which everything, by the command of God, the wisdom as well as the folly of the world, in one word, all things besides, must yield subjection. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. If it depended only on him, he would be exercising his ministry at Rome. In the summer of 386, a young man wept in the backyard of a friend. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. Romans 1:14 I am a debtor. He is a debtor to all, whatever may be the distinctions of language or race. And to the (rude) Barbarians, both to the wise and to the unwise - to all alike, without distinction of race or of culture. Greek. His commission was a general one, confined to no one nation, and to no particular class. As he sat, he heard children playing a game and they called out to each other these words: “Take up and read! He wants to strengthen the believers there with a spiritual gift (Romans 1:11). The Romans, according to the usage of those days, were not counted among the ‘Barbarians,’ but the Apostle probably docs not class them here at all, for at Rome were representatives of all nations and all shades of culture and ignorance. Titus 3:3. He has received such a wonderful revelation and commission from God that he recognises that it has put him under an obligation to share it with others. But this the Gospel is not; it is the very reverse of this, and therefore the Apostle is proud to identify himself with it. ), Romans 1:14 f. These verses are naturally taken as an expansion of the thought contained in the preceding. The two pairs together ‘are used, apparently, merely as comprehending all Gentiles, whether considered in regard of race or of intellect; and are placed here certainly not without a prospective reference to the universality of guilt, and need of the gospel, which he is presently about to prove existed in the Gentile world.’ (Alford. Both to Greeks and Barbarians, both to wise and unwise, I am debtor. 14 Accept the one whose faith is weak, without quarreling over disputable matters. In Romans 13:11, manuscripts vary in reading either “you” or “we” in relation to being awake from sleep. 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